The Boys from the Brum: Establishing a male canon in the reinvention of the Birminham School

The Birmingham Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies project (to mark to 50th anniversary of the setting up of the original centre) has placed 55 CCCS stencilled occasional papers in their archive.

Given the place that the Birmingham School holds nationally and internationally in Cultural Studies it’s hard not to see this as establishing a canon for what was core in contemporary cultural studies that the Birmingham School was concerned with. It is suggested that other papers will be added, but these are the texts that have been chosen as representative of their time (spanning nearly two decades).

Looked at in terms of discourse and reception (something the Birmingham School was keen to emphasise) what comes across is a male obsession to marry Marxism and French Theory to study male subcultures (which is quite different from race or class). Popular culture is privileged (particularly if it involved new media), but sexuality and gender are peripheral (less than 15% of the chosen papers are by women).

I’m not meaning to be over-critical but work by figures such as Dick Hebdidge simply hasn’t worn well (yet he has four papers; more than half the number of papers accorded to women). It doesn’t place the Birmingham School in a good light; surely there was work by a broader range of researchers, with a broader range of interests and ideologies over nearly two decades, to present as representative?

Otherwise (for an early-career academic who admires the Birmingham School very much; Allon White is a particular influence of mine) it’s hard not to feel a curious whiff of sexism rise up from these stencilled papers.

No Piss Heads: Occupy St. Paul’s and the Exclusion of the Marginal

Point Two of Initial Statement of Occupy London:

2. We are of all ethnicities, backgrounds, genders, generations, sexualities dis/abilities and faiths. We stand together with occupations all over the world.

My first impression of Occupy St. Paul’s was how loud it was. I’m not good with loud crowds and it felt overwhelming to begin with. One homogenous roar after another that moved from one side of the steps of the church to the other with little discernible characteristics. After a couple of minutes the initial sense of disorientation died down and I began to be able to make out different groups within the roar. Though that initial disorientation returned again and again.

There were the main speakers who spoke passionately on their chosen subjects. I could barely hear them though other people nodded in agreement. There were groups of people engaged in often heated conversations. There were also general conversations being held at a loud volume because of the background level of noise in the square. I also began to notice that there were groups and individuals on the outskirts of the square. They were often incredibly noisy, but they seemed to have nothing to do with Occupy. The subjects that they were shouting about, the way that they were acting, suggested that they might have had mental health or substance abuse issues. At first, I thought that they might have been attracted to the noise in the square. Most of the people in the square seemed to be viewing them with barely concealed disdain.

It’s then I noticed the signs. “No Piss Heads.” They were everywhere. Whatever you think about organised religion, churches and the spaces around them often operate as sites of sanctuary for the most marginal members of our society. The mentally ill, those with substance abuse issues, etc. It began to occur to me that maybe those people that I was observing on the outskirts of the square weren’t being noisy, and angry, because they were joining in the general din of the events. Maybe they were angry, and noisy, because they had been excluded from a space in which they usually felt safe.

When I tried to speak about this with someone who was standing beside me, she started shouting at me; more noise, more anger. What would I, “an educated middle-class white man,” know about exclusion and being marginal? Actually, I’m Irish, working-class, bipolar with a history of substance abuse as well, but her level of noise made it clear I had only two choices. To join the other mad people on the outskirts and start screaming, and be ignored, or leave which is what I did.

What frightens me most about this is that after the noise comes silence. I broadly agree with the aims of the Occupy movement, but when you seek to discuss with people the further marginalisation of deeply vulnerable groups – many people seem to simply go quiet. It not that they haven’t heard, didn’t see the signs; they simply often don’t want to acknowledge, to listen. Noise and silence are powerful weapons, particularly against the weakest, if we fail to reflect on our use of them. Equally as importantly there are lessons for all to learn from the chaotic edges. From those who are not screaming, but asking to be let back in.